The European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), in a report published on the human rights situation in Pakistan’s Balochistan has highlighted findings by the Pakistan Human Rights Commission’s (HRCP), that states that enforced disappearances and missing persons remain a recurrent feature in the region.
Underscoring the precarious situation of religious and ethnic communities in Pakistan including the Shia Hazara Community, the Zikri Community, as well as the Hindu and Christian Communities, the EPRS in its report pointed out that the Shia Hazara community remains persecuted to the point that it has been “virtually ghettoized” in the city of Quetta.
“Target killings and other attacks have taken a major toll on the community. While the number of attacks has decreased over the last four or five years, there are still enough instances of targeted violence that compel them to live with a sense of perpetual fear,” the report quoted HRCP’s finding.
“The HRCP’s team met representatives of the Hindu and Christian communities in Quetta and with representatives of the Hindu community in Gwadar to assess the situation of religious minorities in Balochistan. Although there has been a decrease in the number of attacks against religious minorities in recent years, these communities continue to live with an inherent sense of far,” it added.
The think tank quoted Human Rights Watch’s 2020 report’s chapter on Pakistan to highlight the April 2019 attack on a passenger bus in Balochistan.
“On April 18 unidentified assailants forced 14 passengers to disembark from a passenger bus on the Makran Coastal Highway [in Balochistan] and then executed them. On May 12 2019, after militants attacked a hotel in Gwadar, Balochistan, killing 5 people, the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) claimed responsibility,” the report mentioned.
To highlight the situation of health workers, Human Rights Watch reported that “On April 30 , two unidentified assailants killed a female polio worker in Chaman, Balochistan. The vaccination campaign resumed after the government launched an awareness campaign and asked social media platforms to remove anti-vaccine content.”
EPRS said the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) in March “expressed its concern over reports of the provincial government of Balochistan, Pakistan targeting Hazara Shi’a for the spread of coronavirus.